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1 edition of Draft toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds found in the catalog.

Draft toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds

Draft toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds

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  • 7 Currently reading

Published by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry in Atlanta, Ga .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Barium -- Toxicology.,
  • Pollution -- Environmental aspects.,
  • Barium -- toxicity.,
  • Barium -- adverse effects.,
  • Environmental Pollutants -- toxicity.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesToxicological profile for barium, Barium and barium compounds, Toxicological profile for barium (Update)
    Statementprepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793 ; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
    ContributionsMoffett, Daphne., United States. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry., Syracuse Research Corporation., United States. Environmental Protection Agency.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA1231.B37 T6 2005
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxix, 197, A-9, B-7, C-5, D-2 p. :
    Number of Pages197
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19738672M


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Draft toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds Download PDF EPUB FB2

A Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds, Draft for Public Comment was released in September This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile. Toxicological profiles are revised and republished as necessary. For information regarding the update.

Toxicological profile for barium [print] Barium and barium compounds [print] Toxicological profile for barium (Update) [print] Note "A toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds was released in This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile"--P.

iii. "Draft for public comment (Update). "A toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds was released in This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile"--Page iii. "This toxicological profile is prepared in accordance with guidelines developed by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) and the Environmental Protection Agency.

"A Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds, Draft for Public Comment was released in September This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile"--Page iii. Description: xix, pages: illustrations: Other Titles: Barium (update) Barium and barium compounds Toxicological profile for barium (update.

BARIUM AND BARIUM COMPOUNDS iii UPDATE STATEMENT A Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds, Draft for Public Comment was released in September This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile. Toxicological profiles are revised and republished as necessary.

For information regarding the update. Draft toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds book Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds, Draft for Public Comment was released in September This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile"--P.

iii."August "Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and of access: Internet. The purpose of this Toxicological Review is to provide scientific support and rationale for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to barium and soluble compounds.

It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of barium. The draft is then sent to an international peer review by scientists known for their particular expertise and by Toxicological review of barium and compounds (US EPA, ), the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry’s Toxicological profile for barium (ATSDR, ), and the HSE’s Barium sulphate risk.

Under EPA's Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment, barium would be classified as Group D, not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity. Under the Proposed Guidelines for Carcinogenic Risk Assessment (U.S. EPA, ), barium is considered not likely to be carcinogenic to humans following oral exposure and its carcinogenic potential.

S.C. Gad, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), Draft toxicological profile for barium and barium compounds book and Short-Term Toxicity (or Exposure) Animal. The LD 50 for rats is mg kg −1 for barium carbonate, mg kg −1 for barium chloride, and mg kg −1 for barium acetate.

Human. The toxicity of barium is related to the solubility of the compound. Barium sulfate, being very sparingly soluble, is relatively nontoxic. Language: English MeSH: Barium/toxicity* Notes: "August " "A Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds, Draft for Public Comment was released in September This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile"--P.

iii. Includes bibliographical references and index. NLM ID: [Book]. "A Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds, Draft for Public Comment was released in September This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile"--P.

iii. Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index. Barium compounds have also been used in the manufacture of rubber, paints, glass, paper, and linoleum. Barium compounds can. found in valves, X-ray diagnostics, and rodenticides (Sittig, ). Barium is relatively abundant in nature (Doull et al.

Some barium compounds are insoluble and are not absorbed by the. Barium and barium compounds. First draft prepared by Harlal Choudhury and Richard Cary Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organisation and the World Health Organization, and produced within the framework of the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of.

Dawson A. Barium. In: Nelson LS, Lewin NA, Howland MA, Hoffman RS, Goldfrank LR, Flomenbaum NE, eds. Goldfrank’s Toxicologic Emergencies.

9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds[online]. [cited March 27]. Barium iodide dihydrate, is useful in making other iodides. Barium metaborate monohydrate, is used in flame retardant plastic formulations as a synergist for phosphorus or halogen compounds.

Barium nitrate, which occurs as colorless crystals, is used in pyrotechnic green flares, tracer bullets, primers, and in detonators. Report on Barium Compounds Excluding Barium Carbonate, Barium Sulfate, and Pigment Grades, The World Market Segmentation by City.

TOXICOLOGICAL PROFILE FOR BARIUM AND BARIUM COMPOUNDS. Barium compounds, such as barium sulfate and barium carbonate, which do not dissolve well in water, remain stable in the environment for extended pe riods of time (Eleme ntal Metals and Toxic.

"Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds." edited by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Barium compounds, such as barium chloride, barium nitrate, or barium hydroxide, that dissolve easily in water usually do not last in these forms for a long time in the environment.

The barium in these compounds that is dissolved in water quickly combines with sulfate or carbonate that are naturally found in water and become the longer lasting.

ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). Toxicological Profile for Barium and Compounds. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, U.S. Public Health and Service, Washington, DC.

Bauer, G.C.H., A. Carlsson, and B. Lindquist. A comparative study on the metabolism of Ba and 45 Ca in rats. Biochem. Since the solubility of barium compounds is a key aspect of the mode of action, compounds that are water soluble (e.g. barium acetate, barium chloride, barium nitrate, barium hydroxide) or soluble in physiological fluids (e.g.

barium carbonate) exhibit greater potential for absorption and toxicity. Most barium compounds are derived from barite (barium sulfate). World production of barite was estimated at million tonnes in (WHO, ).

Industrial barium emissions result principally from mining, refining, or processing of barium minerals and manufacture of barium products (WHO, ). Barium stimulates striated, cardiac, and smooth muscle, regardless of innervation.

It is antagonistic to all muscle depressants, no matter whether they act primarily on nerve or muscle. Initial stimulation of contraction leads to vasoconstriction through direct action on arterial muscle, peristalsis through action on smooth muscle, tremors and cramps through action on the skeletal muscles, and.

The health effects of the different barium compounds depend on how well the given compound dissolves in water. Only barium sulfate is considered to be an innocuous, or at worst, a minimally harmful compound (1–3, 12); however, cases of non-fatal or fatal poisonings after oral administration of barium sulfate for contrast radiography have been.

Barium titanate is a complex salt containing two metals, which complicates modeling of its toxicological properties. In general, exposures to barium salts are associated with respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, metabolic and neurologic effects [ 53 ].

The aim of this study was to determine concentrations of antimony and barium in air quality samples and assess the potential suitability of these metals as tracer elements for non-exhaust traffic emissions sources. Air quality filters sampled at monitoring sites around the UK for the purposes of the UK Heavy Metals Monitoring Network were subjected to microwave digestion in hydrogen peroxide.

Barium (Ba) is a common element in the Earth’s crust and is present at higher concentrations than most other trace elements, and naturally occurs in one oxidaton state (+II).

Industrial uses of Ba are wide and variable including: oil and gas drilling muds. Barium, chemical element, one of the alkaline-earth metals of Group 2 of the periodic table.

The element is used in metallurgy, and its compounds are used in pyrotechnics, petroleum production, and radiology. Barium has a silvery white luster when freshly cut.

• ATSDRToxicological Profile for Barium & Barium Compounds • ATSDRToxicological Profile for Copper • ATSDRToxicological Profile for Strontium • ATSDRToxicological Profile for Acetone • OEHHAProposed Action Levels for sec -Butylbenzene and tert-Butylbenzene.

BARIUM FACT SHEET ON A DRINKING WATER CHEMICAL CONTAMINANT GENERAL INFORMATION Synonyms • None Chemical Description: • Naturally occurring chemical, typically found as an inorganic salt Properties: • Exists in nature only in combined forms, [e g Bante • (BaSO4)] • Solubility of barium salts is compound specific • Mineral forms have very low vapor pressures.

The absorption of specific barium salt anions /was examined/ in male Sprague-Dawley rats administered radiolabelled barium chloride, sulfate, or carbonate to fasted (24 hr) and non-fasted rats /strain not given/ by gastric intubation. Animals were sacrificed from 2 to min after administration and blood concentrations were measured.

Barium's name originates from Greek barys (βαρύς), meaning "heavy", describing the high density of some common barium-containing ores. Metallic barium has few industrial uses, but has been historically used to scavenge air in vacuum tubes.

Barium compounds impart a green color to flames and have been used in fireworks. BARIUM COMPOUNDS. Barium & Chemicals, Inc.

is always looking to improve upon our already high-quality services and products. in order to continue accommodating all our customers' specialty and inorganic chemical requests. Barium & Chemicals, Inc. Kingsdale Road. Steubenville, Ohio. The bond energy in the gaseous diatomic species BaBa is (no data) kJ mol Barium: bond enthalpies in gaseous diatomic species.

The following values refer to neutral heterodiatomic molecules in the gas phase. These numbers may well differ considerably from, say, single bond energies in a solid. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services () Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Williams, M., Todd, G.D., Roney, N., et al. () Toxicology Profile for Manganese. Agency. Barium chloride dihydrate CAS-No.

Revision Date New Jersey Right To Know Components Barium chloride dihydrate CAS-No. Revision Date California Prop. 65 Components This product does not contain any chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or any other reproductive harm.

SAFETY DATA SHEET Creation Date Sep Revision Date Jan Revision Number 3 1. Identification Product Name Barium acetate Cat No.: B; B; B; B CAS-No Synonyms Acetic acid, barium salt Recommended Use Laboratory chemicals.

Uses advised against Not for food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet. Barium alloy, pyrophoric is mixture of barium and other metals or nonmetallic elements to improve the specific usefulness of barium.

Barium alloys are a solid and can ignite spontaneously in contact with air. This material is toxic and products given off in fire could be very toxic. Barium compounds are also used to make paint, bricks, tiles, glass, and rubber. Barium nitrate and clorate give fireworks a green colour.

Barium in the environment. Barium is surprisingly abundant in the Earth's crust, being the 14th most abundant element. High amounts of barium may only be found in soils and in food, such as nuts, seaweed. Barium - chemical symbol Ba, atomic number 56 - is an chemical element in the group of alkaline earth metals.

Online available information resources about the chemistry and physics of barium and the barium compounds.Barium compounds are used by the oil and gas industries to make drilling muds.

Drilling muds make it easier to drill through rock by keeping the drill bit lubricated. They are also used to make paint, bricks, tiles, glass, and rubber. A barium compound (barium sulfate) is .Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds.

Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; – Morceli G, Honorio-França AC, Fagundes DLG, Calderon IMP, França EL. Antioxidant effect of melatonin on the functional activity of colostral phagocytes in diabetic women. PLoS One. ;8:e